Posts Tagged ‘sativa’
Investigators at the University of Melbourne and the Australian National University, Center for Mental Health Research assessed the impact of cannabis use on various measures of memory and intelligence in over 2,000 self-identified marijuana consumers and non-users over an eight-year period.
Among cannabis consumers, subjects were grouped into the following categories: ‘heavy’ (once a week or more) users, ‘light’ users, ‘former heavy’ users, ‘former light’ users, and ‘always former’ — a category that consisted of respondents who had ceased using marijuana prior to their entry into the study.
Researchers reported: “Only with respect to the immediate recall measure was there evidence of an improved performance associated with sustained abstinence from cannabis, with outcomes similar to those who had never used cannabis at the end point. On the remaining cognitive measures, after controlling for education and other characteristics, there were no significant differences associated with cannabis consumption.”
They concluded, “Therefore, the adverse impacts of cannabis use on cognitive functions either appear to be related to pre-existing factors or are reversible in this community cohort even after potentially extended periods of use.”
Separate studies have previously reported that long-term marijuana use is not associated with residual deficits in neurocognitive function. Specifically, a 2001 study published in the journal Archives of General Psychiatry found that chronic cannabis consumers who abstained from the drug for one week “showed virtually no significant differences from control subjects (those who had smoked marijuana less than 50 times in their lives) on a battery of 10 neuropsychological tests. … Former heavy users, who had consumed little or no cannabis in the three months before testing, [also] showed no significant differences from control subjects on any of these tests on any of the testing days.”
Additionally, studies have also implied that cannabis may be neuroprotective against alcohol-induced cognitive deficits. A 2009 study by investigators at the University of California and San Diego reported that binge drinkers who also used cannabis experienced significantly less white matter damage to the brain as compared to subjects who consumed alcohol alone.
For more information regarding the impact of cannabis on brain function, see NORML’s factsheet ‘Cannabis and the Brain: A User’s Guide,’ here.\
[Editor's note: This post is excerpted from this week's forthcoming NORML weekly media advisory. To have NORML's media alerts and legislative advisories delivered straight to your in-box, sign up here.]
Even though marijuana (read: cannabis sativa or cannabis indica) is, according the US Justice Department, “one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man”, it still remains illegal. That’s why there’s precious little facts scientists know about the plant and the substances the plant produces. What we do know however, is that Cannabis is an extremely complex plant that’s divided up into three species, two of which are psychoactive and one (cannabis ruderalis), which isn’t.
Now Let’s start with Cannabis indica
To be clear, both Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa are annual plants in the Cannabaceae family. Cannabis indica is a putative species of the genus Cannabis. The strain probably originated from the Hindu Kush mountain range in central Afghanistan, which is known for extraordinarily frigid winters and searing hot summers. This gives the plant a short, dense look, oftentimes with broad, forest green colored fan leaves. The leaves darker color is due to their higher amounts of chlorophyll. The flowers (or ‘buds’) are generally heavy and fragrant and they tend to grow in pod clusters. Indicas are the faster growing varietal, typically with flowering times between 6 to 9 weeks. Even though the indica plants are smaller, their denser nugs usually yield higher amounts than sativas, plus they lend themselves to indoor growing better since the plants don’t get as tall as the sativas.
Effects of a good Cannabis indica
Indica is typically the variety most associated with being ‘stoned’, eg sitting on the couch, deep feeling of relaxation behind your eyes, loosening of your limbs and muscles. Your physicals senses are typically heightened such that listening to music, eating food or touching different textures feels incredibly rewarding. Indicas are great for relaxation due to their higher CBD and CBN levels than sativas (although some indicas also contain large amounts of THC as well). Some of the most potent medical marijuana for body pain, anxiety and appetite loss come from Cannabis indica, including Master Kush, G-13, Bubba Kush and others.
Cannabis sativa, I knew her well
If Cannabis indica is Ernie, than Cannabis sativa is Bert. Cannabis sativa tends to grow tall and thin, with smaller leaves that are brighter in color. In fact, a Cannabis sativa plant can grow up to 25 feet or higher in a single year! Most sativas grow in the 8ft -12ft range and originate from Mexico, Thailand and Colombia. Since they grow taller and use less chlorophyll, flowering can take between 10 to 16 weeks. The yield on a Cannabis sativa plant is typically lower than the indica, but on the flip side the buds are usually more potent and THC more concentrated. The fruity, sweet marijuana strains are almost always sativas.
Effects of a good Cannabis sativa
Cannabis sativas have higher THC content than most indicas and producing more of a ‘head high’. Typically, the effects of a good sativa are a soaring head high, almost like a rush, followed by an energetic feeling that stimulates brain activity and heightening senses. Sativas can be great for depression. Some examples of popular sativa medical marijuana strains are Green Crack, Blue Dream and Super Lemon haze (and pretty any other Haze).
Now of course one plant may exhibit qualities that are germane to both sativa and indica. This plant is typically known as a ‘hybrid’ and very often hybrid strains can be bred to cultivate the best qualities of the sativa and the best qualities of the indica in one super plant. OG Kush is an example of an excellent hybrid strain, so is Super Silver Haze. In fact, most plants are hybrids and very few growers will claim their plants are ’100% sativa’ or ’100% indica’ with any real authority. Although the Dr. Grinsppon strain (named after Harvard author and activist Dr. Lester Grinspoon) found at Barney’s in Amsterdam may just be an exception to this rule, as it exhibits extremely prototypical sativa traits, such as barley even flowering.
Okay hope this helped!
Article From The Medical Marijuana Blog and republished with special permission.
Photo by: Robyn Twoby
You tip a waitress don’t you? So why not throw a couple of extra bucks for a person that takes care of your weedy needs? As a Cali MMJ patient, I’m able to frequent any number of collectives in California. It’s nice when I’m traveling within the state to visit a collective and pick up a local strain or bud. One of the local collectives I frequent here in Los Angeles, has had a sign behind the counter saying “Budtender’s Appreciation Day 7-11-11” forever, so I decided to ask what it was all about.
“I don’t really know” was the first answer one of them gave me. I later found out it was a day they had come up with on their own. It got me thinking. BudTenders DO provide a necessary service to MMJ patients and have to put up with a LOT of shit from patients and bosses, so why shouldn’t they have their own day?! . People may “think” a budtender’s job would be the tits having access to so much weed everyday. Wrong-O! Try waiting on people that are finicky, bitchy and abusive for 10 hours a day for pretty humble wages.
We have Secretaries Day so why not Budtender’s Appreciation Day?
If anyone can make this day a reality and a movement for all the budtenders out there, it’s Hail Mary Jane and OUR GREENIES!!
So this July 11th, when you are at your favorite collective picking up your meds, why not surprise your Budtender with a tip, a gift, a hug or just tell them how important they are. Make your Budtender feel special on their day! Remember 4:20 started somewhere too!
Tell them HMJ is showing the love for all Budtenders!
Let’s make “BudTender’s Appreciation Day 7-11-11” a real day!
Here are the results from the competition:
EDIBLES CUP1st Place – Greenway Compassionate Relief’s Baklava
2nd Place – Bhang Chocolate’s Bhang Chocolate Triple Strength Fire Bar
3rdPlace – Vapor Room Co-operative, Om Chocolate Dipped Peanut Butter TruffleCBD AWARD
1stPlace – Master Control Unit Collective, Alaskan Thunderfuck (9.23%)
2ndPlace – Elemental Wellness, Center, Jamaican Lion (8.10%)BEST NON-SOLVENT HASH1stPlace – Florin Wellness Center, HerojuanaCONCENTRATES CUP1stPlace – Philips Rx, Mars OG2nd Place – Berkeley Patients Group, Sour Diesel Wax
3rd Place – The Cali Connection Seed Company Collective, Regulator Kush WaxHYBRID CUP1st Place – D & M Compassion Center, OG Kush2nd Place – Buds & Roses, Star Dawg3rd Place – Leonard Moore Co-Operative, The Pure
INDICA CUP1st Place – Harborside Health Center (San Jose), Boggle Gum2nd Place – Elemental Wellness Center, The True OG
3rd Place – 7 Stars Holistic Healing Center, 7 Star Pure KushSATIVA CUP1st Place – Granddaddy Purple Collective, Bay 112nd Place – OrganiCann, Alpha Blue3rd Place – Happy Lil’ Trees, Sonoma Coma
Two weeks ago, we launched our new organization, the Coalition for Cannabis Policy Reform (CCPR), to bring citizens together to work toward legalizing marijuana in2012.
Already, thousands of people like you have stood up and pledged their support for going back to the ballot next year.
With that kind of support, I am confident that we can win. Together, we’re going to build this organization, brick by brick, and lay the foundation for an even stronger grassroots movement — but we need your help to do it.
That’s why, today, we are launching our Founding Members program. With a contribution of $25 or more, we’ll place your name on your own personalized virtual brick on our website’s Founders Wall, publicly recognizing you as a Founding Member of the Coalition for Cannabis Policy Reform.
To recognize friends like you, we’re building a virtual brick wall, symbolizing the support we have for cannabis policy reform.
Each brick represents a supporter of the cause, with his or her name engraved on the front, along with a personalized comment. Our virtual wall will let the world know everyone who is a part of this new effort from the very start.
Every contribution counts. If we build our virtual wall with just 1,000 bricks, we’ll have already raised $25,000 for our cause.
Will you buy your own personalized brick right now — so we can add your name to our Founding Member wall?
Your contribution to CCPR will help us build the movement we need to end cannabis prohibition in California. Together, we can lead the nation to a more sensible drug policy — brick by brick.
We are extremely grateful for your support.
Coalition for Cannabis Policy Reform
P.S. Want to check out how the Founding Member wall is already shaping up? Click here to check it out — and then click here to buy your own personalized virtual brick.
|Photo: Anastacia Cosner|
|The One Hitters are already kicking the Drug War’s ass — now they want to beat the drug warriors in a softball game|
Once again, the softball team representing the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) has backed out of playing a softball game against the One Hitters, a team consisting of members of several drug policy reform organizations and others who want to end the “War On Drugs.”
|Photo: Anastacia Cosner|
|The One Hitters dominate the Congressional Softball League|
|Photo: Anastacia Cosner|
|The mighty One Hitters strike fear into the hearts of the ONDCP Czardinals and drug warriors everywhere.|